Design of an FIR Filter for the Displacement Reconstruction Using Measured Acceleration in Low-frequency Dominant Structures


Hae Sung Lee , Yun Hwa Hong, Hyun Woo Park



 This paper presents a new class of displacement reconstruction scheme using only acceleration measured from a structure. For a given set of acceleration data, the reconstruction problem is formulated as a boundary value problem in which the acceleration is approximated by the second-order central finite difference of displacement. The displacement is reconstructed by minimizing the least squared errors between measured and approximated acceleration within a finite time interval. An overlapping time window is introduced to improve the accuracy of the reconstructed displacement. The displacement reconstruction problem becomes ill-posed because the boundary conditions at both ends of each time window are not known a priori. Furthermore, random noise in measured acceleration causes physically inadmissible errors in the reconstructed displacement. A Tikhonov regularization scheme is adopted to alleviate the ill-posedness. It is shown that the proposed method is equivalent to an FIR filter designed in the time domain. The fundamental characteristics of the proposed method are presented in the frequency domain using the transfer function and the accuracy function. The validity of the proposed method is demonstrated through a numerical example, a laborato+ry experiment and a field test.

KEY WORDS : Displacement reconstruction; Acceleration; Boundary value problem; Low-frequency dominant structure; Central finite difference; Time window; Tikhonov regularization; Ill-posedness; FIR filter; Transfer function; Accuracy function

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