Seismic Analysis of Infinite Aboveground Pipeline Considering Hydrodynamic Pressure Jong Seung Kim
ABSTRACT This paper presents a seismic analysis scheme for the infinite aboveground pipeline considering hydrodynamic pressure inside it. The infinite aboveground pipeline is modeled by continuous EulerBernoulli beam which is a periodic structure. Dynamic pressure of the fluid inside the pipeline is determined by Housner's fluidmodeling method for the rectangular tank and recommendations of a Study Group of the New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering. In the earthquake ground motion there are two mutually perpendicular horizontal components and vertical one. Generally, stresses in a pipeline produced by vertical ground shaking are relatively small and the primary analysis concerns are horizontal bending deformations. Earthquake ground motion varies both in amplitude and phase propagating through the crust. For efficient analyses of periodic structures, transfer matrix approach is adopted. Transfer matrix for one singlebay beam is derived taking into account hydrodynamic pressure. One singlebay element is a substructure of the infinite aboveground pipeline. Seismic response of a specific support is represented by displacement of each support and responses of the boundary supports. Since state vector cannot be solved directly due to the numerical instability of the transfer matrix, wave vector is first obtained by the wavepropagation approach using transformation matrix. From the wave number response function and the power spectral density function of the ground motion, the power spectral density function and the root mean square value of the seismic response can be determined. The validity of this paper is demonstrated through examples of the infinite aboveground pipeline.
Key Word Periodic structure, wave number, transfer matrix, state vector, wavepropagation approach, wave vector, hydrodynamic pressure, power spectral density function
